Select a date to know its important events:
Important events of history that took place in India and elsewhere.
- 🇮🇳 In India
- 1877 Queen Victoria was proclaimed Empress of India.
- 1894 Satyendra Nath Bose, mathematician and physicist specialising in theoretical physics, was born.
- 1955 Shanti Swaroop Bhatnagar, colloid chemist, academic and scientific administrator, died in New Delhi. The first director-general of the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, he is revered as the "father of research laboratories" in India.
- 2001 Calcutta was officially named Kolkata.
- 2015 India scrapped its 65-year-old Planning Commission and replaced it with new National Institution for Transforming India (NITI), which PM Narendra Modi said would do more to involve the regions.
- 🌎 Elsewhere
- 0045 BCE Julian calendar took effect in the Roman Empire. The year 45 BC has been called the "year of confusion", because in that year Julius Caesar inserted 90 days to bring the months of the Roman calendar back to their traditional place with respect to the seasons.
- 1818 Mary Shelley's Frankenstein was published anonymously by the small London publishing house of Lackington, Hughes, Harding, Mavor, & Jones.
- 1879 E M Forster, English novelist famous for A Passage to India and A Room With a View, was born in London.
- 1896 German physicist Wilhelm Röntgen announced his discovery of x-rays.
- 1919 American author J.D. Salinger—whose only novel, The Catcher in the Rye (1951), won wide critical acclaim—was born.
- 1983 The ARPANET officially changes to using TCP/IP, the Internet Protocol, effectively creating the Internet.
- 1992 Followed by the disintegration of the Soviet Union, the Russian Federation was formed.
- 1995 The World Trade Organization was formally established.
- 1999 The Euro became the official currency in 11 countries. Euro coins and notes went into circulation on the same day in 2002.
- 2002 The euro, the monetary unit of the European Union, was introduced with the issuance of both currency and coins, and by March 2002 it was the sole legal tender of participating member states.
- ⭐ Significance
- New Year's Day is a festival observed in most of the world on 1 January, the first day of the year in the modern Gregorian calendar.