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Important events of history that took place in India and elsewhere on today’s date.
ON THIS DAY | 24 September
🇮🇳 In India
- 🇮🇳 In India
- 1398 Amir Timur of Timur Lang invaded India with 92 squadrons of horses and 90,000 cavalry and reached the banks of Sindhu river near Atak city (now in Pakistan). He then attacked Delhi because its Muslim Sultanate was too tolerant of Hindu idolatry. A Mongolian follower of Sufism, he was one of the most ruthless of all conquerors. It was on this day that Timur crossed the Indus River at Attock (now in Pakistan).
- 1534 Guru Ram Das, the fourth of the ten Gurus of Sikhism, was born in Lahore, Pakistan.
- 1726 The East India Company was authorized to form municipal and mayor courts in Bombay, Calcutta and Madras.
- 1861 Bhikaiji Rustom Cama or simply, Madam Cama, one of the prominent figures in the Indian independence movement, was born. On August 22, 1907, she became the first person to hoist Indian flag on foreign soil in Stuttgart, Germany.
- 1932 Poona Pact was signed between Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar and Mahatma Gandhi in Pune's Yerwada Central Jail for the rights of untouchables.
- 1940 Arati Saha, Bengali long-distance swimmer, best known for becoming the first Asian woman to swim across the English Channel on 29 September 1959, was born.
- 1972 Japan Airlines Flight 472 lands at Juhu Aerodrome instead of Santacruz Airport in Bombay, India.
- 2002 Two terrorists attacked the Swaminarayan Akshardham complex in Gandhinagar, Gujarat, killing 33 and injuring more than 80. India's National Security Guard intervened and ended the siege the next day, killing both terrorists.
- 2008 Kapil Dev, the Indian cricketer was conferred the honorary title of Lieutenant Colonel in the Territorial Army by Army Chief General Deepak Kapoor at a function.
- 2014 ISRO's satellite Mangalyaan successfully entered the orbit of Mars.
- 🌎 Elsewhere
- 1493 Christopher Columbus embarks on his second expedition to the New World, setting sail with a fleet of 17 ships.
- 1896 American short-story writer and novelist F. Scott Fitzgerald—famous for his depictions of the Jazz Age, his most brilliant novel being The Great Gatsby (1925)—was born.
- 1988 Carl Lewis runs men's world record 100m (9.92 sec). The current record is 9.58 seconds, set by Jamaica's Usain Bolt in 2009.
- 1991 Theodor Seuss Geisel, American children's author, political cartoonist, illustrator, poet, animator, and filmmaker, died at the age of 87. He was known for his work of writing and illustrating more than 60 books under the pen name Dr. Seuss. His books include If I Ran the Zoo (1950) and The Cat in the Hat (1957).
- 1994 National League for Democracy is formed by Aung San Suu Kyi and various others to help fight against dictatorship in Myanmar.
- 1996 The Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty outlawing nuclear explosions was opened for signature. The treaty did not enter into force because not all of the requisite states—including China, India, Pakistan, and the United States—ratified it.
- 2015 Numerous lives are lost and many are injured in a stampede during the Hajj in Saudi Arabia.
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