On This Day
- 🇮🇳 In India
- 1658 Dutch troops occupy Quilon.
- 1825 Rao Tularam Singh, chieftain of Rewari, and one of the key leaders of the Indian rebellion of 1857 in Haryana, was born.
- 1881 Aghore Nath Gupta, scholar of Buddhism and a preacher of the Brahmo Samaj, died at Lucknow.
- 1913 Homai Vyarawalla, commonly known by her pseudonym "Dalda 13", India's first woman photojournalist, was born. She began work in the late 1930s and retired in the early 1970s. In 2011, she was awarded Padma Vibhushan, the second highest civilian award of the Republic of India.
- 1919 E.K. Nayanar, politician of the Communist Party of India, was born. He served three terms as the Chief Minister of Kerala, making him the longest-serving holder of that office.
- 1946 Sonia Gandhi, president of the Indian National Congress, was born.
- 🌎 Elsewhere
- 1608 John Milton, English poet and intellectual, best known for his epic poem Paradise Lost, was born.
- 1854 Alfred Tennyson's poem "Charge of the Light Brigade" is published in The Examiner.
- 1931 Spain becomes a republic.
- 1979 Some 10 years after the World Health Organization began a global vaccination program against smallpox, the disease was officially declared eradicated.
- 1993 U.S. astronauts completed repair work on the Hubble Space Telescope.
- 1998 The United Nations General Assembly declared anti-Semitism a form of racism.
- 2015 German Chancellor Angela Merkel named Time Magazine's Person of the Year, for her handling of debt and refugee crises.
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Watch & Learn
Today is World Book and Copyright Day, or International Day of the Book, which is an annual event organized by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization to promote reading, publishing, and copyright. Watch this video to know more about this day.