On This Day
- 🇮🇳 In India
- 1739 Nader Shah, the founder of the Afsharid dynasty of Iran and one of the most powerful rulers in Iranian history, occupies Delhi in India and sacks the city, stealing the jewels of the Peacock Throne.
- 1885 Ghulam Yazdani, archaeologist who was one of the founders of the Archaeological Department during the colonial era reign of Nizam of Hyderabad, was born. He also edited the Arabic and Persian Supplement of Epigraphia Indica from 1913 to 1940. He was awarded with the Padma Bhushan by the Indian government in 1959 for his contributions in restoration of some of the most iconic archaeological sites in India including the Ajanta Caves, Bidar Fort and Daulatabad.
- 1894 Surya Sen, Indian revolutionary who was influential in the Indian independence movement against the British rule in India, was born. He is best known for leading the 1930 Chittagong armoury raid.
- 1907 While in South Africa, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi organized a campaign of civil disobedience to resist the statute popular bill passed by the new Boer government of the Transvaal Colony restricting Asiatic immigrants.
- 1947 India's Last Viceroy Lord Louise Mountbatten came to India.
- 1957 The Indian government adopted the Saka Era calendar with Chaitra as its first month along with the Gregorian calendar for official purposes.
- 1977 A K Gopalan (or AKG), communist politician, passed away. He was one of 16 Communist Party of India members elected to the first Lok Sabha in 1952. Later he became one of the founding members of the Communist Party of India.
- 2020 Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced the country's largest ever self-imposed curfew, in an effort to fight the spread of COVID-19.
- 🌎 Elsewhere
- 1832 German author and philosopher Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, who was considered the greatest German literary figure of the modern era, died in Weimar, Saxe-Weimar.
- 1908 American author Louis L'Amour, who was best known for highly popular westerns that offered well-researched portrayals of frontier life, was born.
- 1935 Persia is renamed Iran.
- 1945 The Arab League was founded to promote political, economic, and cultural collaboration amongst its member states, which include 21 African, Asian, and Middle Eastern countries, from Mauritania in the west to Oman in the east.
- 1993 The Intel Corporation produced the first Pentium microprocessor.
- ⭐ Significance
- World Water Day is an annual United Nations observance day held on 22 March that highlights the importance of fresh water. The day is used to advocate for the sustainable management of freshwater resources.
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Watch & Learn
World Book Day 2023 | World Book Day and Copyright Day | Easy Lines about World Book Day |23rdApril
Today is World Book and Copyright Day, or International Day of the Book, which is an annual event organized by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization to promote reading, publishing, and copyright. Watch this video to know more about this day.
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