India’s proposal to observe an International Year of Millets in 2023 was approved by the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) in 2018 and the United Nations General Assembly has declared the year 2023 as the International Year of Millets. Here’s a quiz to help you gain more knowledge on these traditional grains which have been grown and eaten in the Indian subcontinent for at least the past 5000 years.
The major millets producing states in India are Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and Telangana. Currently, together these ten states accounts for around 100 per cent in Millets production in India. Three states namely Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and Haryana accounts for more than 81 per cent share in total millet products. Rajasthan contributes half of the total millet production in India’s total millets production.
Millets are short duration crops (60-90 days) compared to fine cereals (100-140 days). Being climate-resilient crops, millets are the most secure crops for small farmers as these crops are hardiest and adaptable in harsh, hot and drought conditions.
Millets are a group of cereal grains that belong to the Poaceae family, commonly known as the grass family.
The Government of India sponsored the proposal for International Year of Millets (IYM) 2023 which was accepted by the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA). The declaration has been instrumental for the Government of India to be at the forefront in celebrating the IYM.